Everything You Should Know About In Vitro Fertilization
Posted on: 05 June 2020 by Thomas Cook
In vitro fertilization is not so alien a concept as it was a few years ago. More and more families are opting for the procedure as a solution for infertility.
In fact, since its introduction in the United States, in vitro fertilization has led to the birth of more than 200,000 babies.
The experts at University Reproductive Associates can provide you with an effective way to expand your family if you and your spouse are struggling with infertility problems.
What Is In Vitro Fertilization?
IVF involves getting eggs from a woman and sperm from a man and combining them outside the body in a lab. The fertilized egg is called an embryo and can be stored frozen for a period or implanted in the woman.
Depending on the nature of your infertility problem, your IVF provider may use:
- Sperm from your partner and your eggs
- Sperm from your partner and donor eggs
- Donor sperm and your eggs
- Donor sperm and donor eggs
- Donated embryos
You can also decide not to carry the baby yourself and have the embryo implanted in a surrogate.
Significance of IVF
About 13 percent of couples struggle with infertility issues. These problems can put a strain on marriages and relationships. There are numerous ways to tackle infertility, including artificial insemination and taking fertility drugs. However, they may not always work.
IVF has a success rate of about 43 percent in women under 30. It is an effective solution for couples who want to have a baby, but may suffer from:
- Damaged or blocked fallopian tubes
- Uterine fibroids
- Low sperm count
- Sperm shape abnormalities
- Reduced ovarian function
- Unexplained infertility
- Genetic disorders
IVF is also an option for women over the age of 40.
Factors to Consider Before Getting in Vitro Fertilization
You and your partner will need to undergo some tests before beginning IVF. Your doctor will examine the quality and size of your eggs, health of your uterus, and the size, number, and shape of your partner's sperm. All of this should help them determine the best way to go about the process.
However, the decision making process involves some personal considerations such as:
- The number of embryos to transfer
- What to do with any unused embryos
- The possibility of a multiples pregnancy
- The physical, emotional, and financial impact
- Your feelings about donated sperm, eggs, and embryos
- Your feelings about surrogacy
The Process of in Vitro Fertilization
IVF involves five steps. They are
· Stimulation - Taking fertility drugs to increase the number of eggs you produce.
· Follicular Aspiration - Also called egg retrieval. A surgical procedure to retrieve eggs from your ovary
· Insemination – Retrieving sperm from your partner and combining it with an egg.
· Embryo culture – Monitoring and genetic testing of the embryos to ensure they are healthy and behaving normally
· Transfer – Introducing the embryo into your uterus. This happens when they are big enough, about 3 to 5 days after fertilization.
In 6 to 10 days, the embryo should implant itself in your uterine wall. The doctor will then request a blood test to determine pregnancy.
Possible complications include ectopic pregnancy, miscarriage, or multiple pregnancies. Speak with your doctor during the initial consultation to determine if you are a good candidate for IVF.
Choosing to undergo in vitro fertilization is a significant decision. The entire process can be physically, emotionally, and financially taxing on both you and your partner.
If you wish to find out if this is the right decision for you and your family, call the University Reproductive Associates center and speak to a qualified in vitro fertilization expert.